Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 9 : 10 October 2009
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.



  • We seek your support to meet the expenses relating to the formatting of articles and books, maintaining and running the journal through hosting, correrspondences, etc.Please write to the Editor in his e-mail address to find out how you can support this journal.
  • Also please use the AMAZON link to buy your books. Even the smallest contribution will go a long way in supporting this journal. Thank you. Thirumalai, Editor.

In Association with




  • E-mail your articles and book-length reports in Microsoft Word to
  • Contributors from South Asia may send their articles to
    B. Mallikarjun,
    Central Institute of Indian Languages,
    Mysore 570006, India
    or e-mail to
  • Your articles and booklength reports should be written following the APA, MLA, LSA, or IJDL Stylesheet.
  • The Editorial Board has the right to accept, reject, or suggest modifications to the articles submitted for publication, and to make suitable stylistic adjustments. High quality, academic integrity, ethics and morals are expected from the authors and discussants.

Copyright © 2009
M. S. Thirumalai


Noun Reduplication in Tamil and Kannada

A. Boologa Rambai, Ph.D.


Reduplication is a pan-Indian linguistic feature in word formation. The process is defined as "the process of all or part of the lexical item repeated as a syllable, morpheme or word with in a larger syntactic unit carrying a semantic modification."

Lawral J. Brinton, in his Structure of English - An Introduction (1991, p.91) defines it as "Reduplication is an initial process similar to derivation in which the initial syllable or the entire word is doubled, exactly or with a slight morphological change." S. Kiyomi explains Reduplication as "Given a word with a phonological form X then reduplication refers Xx or xX (where a part of X and x can appear either just before X or inside x. There are two conditions: Xx of xX must be semantically related to x and Xx or xX must be predicative".

Abbi (1992) discusses two types of reduplication, viz., Morphological and Lexical reduplication. She further divides the lexical reduplication into three types: Echo-Formation, Compounds and Word-Reduplication.

Reduplication may be further classified into three types: Complete, Partial and Discontinuous Reduplication.

Reduplication may be defined as "the total or partial bimodal reduplication meaning there by repetition of the base of the word or the stem. Either a syllable or a constituent of a word or of the whole may iterate". Whatever may be the unit of repetition the end result is a new word has no parallel in its non reduplicated counterpart.

The Focus of This Article

Tamil and Kannada belong to the same language group, the Dravidian family. Both languages are treated as sister languages. The present paper highlights the Noun reduplication in Tamil and Kannada. This study of reduplicated structure in Tamil and Kannada reveals the fact that though reduplication is a general morphological feature of the language, some specifications can be drawn from the functional point of view and as a result from the semantic point of view as well.

This is an attempt to study the Reduplicated Noun from the point of view of occurrence in the language, its function and semantic interpretation in Kannada and Tamil. These two languages have the following parts of speech: Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Conjunction, Postposition and Interjection. The formation of Reduplication occurs in almost all the above said parts of speech. This paper briefly deals with the Noun Reduplication in Tamil and Kannada.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Spelling Variations in Kannada | A Survey of the State of the Art in Punjabi Language Processing | The Representation of Homosexuality - A Content Analysis in a Malaysian Newspaper | Noun Reduplication in Tamil and Kannada | Journey of Self-discovery in Anita Nair's Ladies' Coupé | A Study of Communicability and Intelligibility of Advertisements in Tamil With Special Reference to Tooth Paste and Health Drink | Explicit Grammar Instruction | Teaching English as a Second Language Using Communicative Language Teaching - An Evaluation of Practice in India | Discovering Values in English Language Teaching | The Core Functions of the Hindi Modals - Speech Act Approach | Textbook Analysis of English for Engineers | Cross-Professional Collaboration on E-Learning Courses | Reading Arundhati Roy's Fiction The God of Small Things Through Her Non-Fiction | Teaching English through Indian Writing in English in Rural India | Proverbs in Modern Tamil and Telugu Societies | Using Problem Based Learning Technique in Teaching English Grammar | Problems in Reading Comprehension Skills among Secondary School Students in Yemen | The Literary Value of the Book of Isaiah | Will Sentences Have Divergence Upon Translation? : A Corpus-Evidence Based Solution for Example Based Approach | HOME PAGE of October 2009 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

A. Boologa Rambai
Department of Tamil & Translation Studies
Dravidian University
Kuppam - 517 425
Andhra Pradesh, India

  • Send your articles
    as an attachment
    to your e-mail to
  • Please ensure that your name, academic degrees, institutional affiliation and institutional address, and your e-mail address are all given in the first page of your article. Also include a declaration that your article or work submitted for publication in LANGUAGE IN INDIA is an original work by you and that you have duly acknolwedged the work or works of others you either cited or used in writing your articles, etc. Remember that by maintaining academic integrity we not only do the right thing but also help the growth, development and recognition of Indian scholarship.