Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 9 : 11 November 2009
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.



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Copyright © 2009
M. S. Thirumalai


Compensation Strategies for Speaking English
Adopted by Engineering Students of Tamil Nadu
A Study

A. Chandra Bose, Ph.D.


Ability to speak English (L2) enables one to communicate with people of different mother tongues. However, a monolingual person cannot express his/her views in a language other than the mother tongue. In this crucial situation, a person must learn an additional language to survive in the cyber world. Realizing this need of the hour may have helped students paying greater attention to the learning of English. However not all could master the communication skills. In order to make up for the inability to speak fluently students follow certain compensation strategies.

Oxford (1990:47) defines compensation strategies as those that "enable learners to use the new language for either comprehension or production despite limitation in knowledge. Compensation strategies are intended to make up for an inadequate repertoire of grammar and especially, of vocabulary".

Learning English is not an easy task; it is a laborious task. Students and teachers have encountered a lot of problems while learning/teaching English Language. Compensation strategies help smoothen this laborious task.

1. Objective and Procedures

This paper tries to identify the different strategies adopted by the engineering students while speaking English.

The researcher asked students to speak in any topic which they like most. The allotted time was five minutes for each student. The researcher analyzed the recorded speeches of the students. The informants, who were both boys and girls, were two-hundred in number. Among the informants, a comparative study of the performance of boys and girl was made. The data were analyzed in quantitative as well as qualitative methods.

It was found that lots of strategies were adopted by the engineering students of Tamilnadu while speaking English. Some of the frequently adopted strategies by the students were discussed further in this paper.

2. Repetitions

Some of the students keep on repeating a word, phrase or even a small sentence when they speak. This apparently meaningless repetition not only disturbs the flow of speech but also shows the incompetence in their English language proficiency. Following are the words/phrases which are repeated in the students' speech.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Attitude towards Mother Tongue - A Study of the Tribal Students of Orissa | Computer-mediated Communication in a Bilingual Chatroom | Compensation Strategies for Speaking English Adopted by Engineering Students of Tamil Nadu - A Study | Acquisition of English Intransitive Verbs by Urdu Speakers | Community, Culture and Curriculum in the Context of Tribal Education in Orissa, India | Auxiliary Verbs in Modern Tamil | Getting Around 'Offensive' Language | Noun Morphology in Kuki-Chin Languages | A Plea for the Use of Language Portals in Imparting Communication Skills | Advances in Machine Translation Systems | A Comparative Study of the Effect of Explicit-inductive and Explicit-deductive Grammar Instruction in EFL Contexts | Lexical Choice and Social Context in Shashi Deshpande's That Long Silence | The Voice of Servility and Dominance Expressed through Animal Imagery in Adiga's The White Tiger | Phonological Analysis of English Phonotactics of Syllable Initial and Final Consonant Clusters by Yemeni Speakers of English | Effective Use of Language in Communicating News through Political Emergency | Helping the Limited English Proficient Learner Learn the Second Language Effectively through Strategy Instruction | P.S. Sri's The Temple Elephant: A Bestiary with Socio-Political and Spiritual Message | Papers Presented in the All-India Conference on Multimedia Enhanced Language Teaching - MELT 2009 | A Phonological Study of the Variety of English Spoken by Oriya Speakers in Western Orissa - A Doctoral Dissertation | HOME PAGE of November 2009 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

A. Chandra Bose, Ph.D.
Department of English
The Madura College (Autonomous)
Madurai - 11
Tamilnadu, India

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