Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 11 : 5 May 2011
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.
         L. Ramamoorthy, Ph.D.





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Inter-Province Comparison of Private Sector in
Primary Education

Maqsooda Hussain, Ph.D.
Ali Murtaza, Ph.D.
Muhammad Naseer Ud Din, Ph.D.


The purpose of the study is to investigate the nature and extent of the contribution of private sector in the development of primary education in Pakistan. A main objective of the study is to prioritize the problems faced by the private sector in Primary Education.

The data was gathered from all provinces of Pakistan. Three districts from Punjab, two each from Sindh and Khyber PK and Baluchistan along with one town from each sample district. In Total 399 schools were, thus, selected as sample from all provinces.

Three questionnaires were designed to collect data from respondents. One was for the heads of private sample schools. They were asked to state the problems and give suggestions for the improvement of the system. Another was for the Directors of Primary Education from the public sector to have their opinions regarding their dealing with the private sector and suggest measures for improvement. Another questionnaire was prepared for structured interviews with the experts.

Data collected through questionnaires, interviews and formal discussions from sample places was tabulated, statistically analyzed and interpreted in the light of the objectives of the study. Suggestions obtained from respondents were analyzed and presented.

Keywords: Private Sector, Primary Education, Quality education, Inter Province.

1. Introduction

Education is the right of every child and it is the responsibility of the State to provide educational facilities to each and every child. "Every one has the right to education", states the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), cited in the (Pakistan's) National Education Policy 1998-2010. This fundamental right has been recognized in the Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 stressing that the child has a right to education and it is the duty of the State to ensure that Primary education is free and compulsory.

The National Education Policy 1998-2010 further indicates: "The ideology of Pakistan lays down two important obligations on the government. Firstly, education will be accessible to all citizens. Secondly, it shall enable them to prepare enlightened and civilized individuals committed to the cause of Islam; these two obligations are in accordance with the teachings of the Holy Quran, which recognize the provision of education as a right of the individual".

Being a signatory of the Universal Declaration of "Education for All" during the Jomtien World Conference on Education held in 1990, Pakistan is bound to obtain universal primary education.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Maqsooda Hussain, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Faculty of Education
Preston University Islamabad
Islamabad 44000

Ali Murtaza, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Faculty of Education
Preston University Islamabad
Islamabad 44000

Muhammad Naseer Ud - Din, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Institute of Education and Research
Kohat University and Science Technology - (KUST)
Kohat- Khyber Pakthunkawa 26000

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