Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 10 : 5 May 2010
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.



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New Vistas in Comparative Studies

Ravindra B. Tasildar, M.A.


A full-fledged department of Comparative Literature was established in Jadhavpur University West Bengal in 1956. It is difficult to say that the discipline of Comparative Literature (CL) has made a remarkable progress in Indian universities after the establishment of this department. Jain (1989) and Mohan (1989) have observed that not many departments of English in Indian universities offer courses in Comparative Literature. The situation today is just more of the same.

Even when a course in CL is offered it is not taught. For instance, a PG course in CL has remained on paper in Shivaji University, Kolhapur (M.S.) for the last two decades. As the teaching of CL is confined to a handful of universities in India, research in CL is called for so that the discipline may become popular and prosper in the country.

This article is a modest attempt to have a glimpse of some of the explored and unexplored areas of research in CL in Indian universities.

Research in Comparative Literature in Indian Universities

A cursory glance at the section on 'Comparative Studies' in Indian Doctoral Dissertations in English Studies: A Reference Guide compiled by Kushwaha and Naseem (2000) reveals that there are theses on influence studies, comparative aesthetics and thematology. It is noticed that 32 % of the doctoral studies in CL ritualistically use the phrase 'a comparative study' in their titles.

For nearly two decades after independence the comparative literary studies were dominated by influence studies. The main trend was to compare a British school with a school in Indian language. For instance, 'The English Romantic Poets and the Chhayavad School of Hindi poetry' (Mathur K.C., 1952, Lucknow University).

Jain (1989) tried to change this trend by suggesting that researchers consider the influence of Rabindranath Tagore on Hindi romantic poetry, i.e., on 'Chhayavad'.

Gokak (1964), Gowda (1978) and Sastry (1993) asserted the need to pay attention to the study of comparative aesthetics. According to Gokak (1964), "Nothing also is more difficult than to investigate the fundamentals of the two traditions and set forth against that background a comparative study of Bharata and Aristotle, of Coleridge and Abhinavagupta" (Gokak, 1964: 149). The following studies reveal the work in this area.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Interference of Mappila Dialect in the Standard Malayalam Language - with special reference to the writing performance of Primary School Children | Effect of Environmental Education to School Children Through Animation Based Educational Video | Women as Victors of the Social Milieu in Amy Tan's China | A Comparative Study of the Language Learning Strategies Used by the Students of Formal and Non-Formal Systems of Education in Pakistan | New Vistas in Comparative Studies | Comparative Analysis of MA English Results under Annual and Semester system: Quality Assurance in Pakistan | A Virtual Learning Environment in an ESL Classroom in a Technical University in India | When a School Becomes a Pool - What Can We Do to Make Language Learning Interesting to Yemeni Students | Does Number Affect English Pronunciation? | Shashi Tharoor: Transmuting Historical and Mythical Material into Literary Ideas | The Impact of Working Memory on Text Composition in Hearing Impaired Adults | A Study of the ELT Teachers' Perception of Teaching Language through Literature at the Higher Secondary School and Degree Levels in Pakistani Milieu | Some Aspects of Teaching-Learning English as a Second Language | Challenges Encountered by Teachers in Rural Areas and Strategies to Triumph Over | Variation of Voice Onset Time (VOT) in Kannada Language | A Comparative Study on the Efficacy of Two Different Clinical Language Intervention Procedures | Dilemma of Usage and Transmission - A Sociolinguistic Investigation of Dhundi-Pahari in Pakistan | Teaching Beyond the Regular Curriculum | Claustrophobia in Anita Desai's Cry, The Peacock - "From Defeat to Disaster" | Code Mixing and Code Switching in Tamil Proverbs | A Phonetic and Phonological Study of the Consonants of English and Arabic | HOME PAGE of May 2010 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

Ravindra B. Tasildar, M.A.
S.N. Arts, D.J.M. Commerce and B.N.S. Science College
Sangamner - 422 605
Dist. Ahmednagar (M.S.)
Maharashtra, India

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