Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 10 : 10 October 2010
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.



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M. S. Thirumalai


Spread of English Globalisation Threatens
English Language Teaching (ELT) in Pakistan

Mian Shah Bacha and Bakht Sheema Bibi


The primary purpose of this article is to see English in its global role and to find out whether its globalisation causes any concern for ELT pedagogy in Pakistan. For this purpose, to record the perceptions of the ELTs (English Language Teachers and ELSts (English Language Students) regarding English as a Global Language and its pedagogical concerns for ELT in Pakistan, questionnaires were distributed among the students and teachers of Two Universities and one Post Graduate College. Later on, interviews were also conducted. The results showed that, quite contrary to the hypothesis, Globalisation of English would produce detrimental impact on the indigenous languages and culture and its teaching at University and Post Graduate Levels. But the respondents found it a healthy phenomenon taking exception only to inharmonious contents of the English Language (EL) in the Pakistani context.


It is extremely difficult to decide when globalization started as we know it today and where it is now. Robertson (2003:3) says, "Globalization as a human dynamic has always been with us, even if we have been unaware of its embrace until recently." He then argues that the third phase of globalization is currently going on: "the first, after 1500, centred on the globalization of regional trade; the second, after 1800, gained impetus from industrialization; the third derived from the architecture of a new world order after 1945" (Robertson 2003:4). The most recent debate regarding globalization is attributable to two factors; first, the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and secondly, the use of technology enabling people to become more connected and mobile than ever before in human history.

English in the global perspective

It is now a well established fact that English has become a world language (see Graddol 1997, Jenkins 2000; McKay 2002). To understand the concept of English as a global language, it is necessary to know the definitions of world language, international language, or global language which have been used interchangeably in this thesis. It is also necessary to understand the abbreviation ELF.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

English Loanwords in Meiteiron A Linguistic and Sociolinguistic Analysis | A Report on the State of Urdu Literacy in India, 2010 | More Than Meets the Eye Reasons Behind Asian Students' Perceived Passivity in the ESL/EFL Classroom | English for Medical Students of Hodeidah University, Yemen - A Pre-sessional Course | Education as an Indicator for Human Resource Development | Representation of Malaysian Women in Politics | A Modern Approach to Application of Abbreviation and Acronym Strategy for Vocabulary Learning in Second/Foreign Language Learning Procedure | Causes of Social Acceptance of "O" and "A" Level Education System in Pakistan | Pronounce Foreign Words the English way! | Dubhashi and the Colonial Port in Madras Presidency | An Investigation of Davis' Translation of SHAHNAMEH - Rostam and Sohrab Story in Focus | Feminine, Female and Feminist - A Critical Spectrum on Selected Novels by Kamala Markandaya, Shahsi Deshpande and Arundhati Roy | Four-letter Words and the Urdu Learner's Dictionaries in Pakistan | Margaret Atwood's The Blind Assassin - A Study of the Impact of War on Historical and Economic Aspects of the Society | Was Gandhi a True Mahatma? | Omani Women
Are Their Language Skills Good Enough for the Workplace?
| Spread of English Globalisation Threatens English Language Teaching (ELT) in Pakistan | Multiple Intelligences, Blended Learning and the English Teacher | A Micro-Case Study of Vocabulary Acquisition among First Year Engineering Students | Imagery of Wilderness in Margaret Hollingsworth's Islands | The Influence of Learning Environment on Learners' Attitude in a Foreign Language Setting | Caste - Gender Ideology in Gundert's Malayalam-English Dictionary | Development of a Hindi to Punjabi Machine Translation System - A Doctoral Dissertation | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF OCTOBER, 2010 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT. | HOME PAGE of October 2010 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

Mian Shah Bacha
Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University Sheringal Dir (Upper)
Khyber Pakhtunkwa, Pakistan

Bakht Sheema Bibi, MA English Literature and Language Student
Frontier Women University Peshawar
Khyber Pakhtunkwa, Pakistan

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