Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 10 : 4 April 2010
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.



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Masses as the True Makers of History -
Analysis of the Play The Trial of Dedan Mimathi

N. Bhuvana, M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D. Candidate

Colonial Rule and Modern African Literature

Modern African Literature developed out of the experiences under colonial rule. A closer examination of some of the writers like Ngugi wa Thiong'o reveals the above truth. His plays particularly show a political commitment that grew out of a historical experience as the basis for the creation of a work of art.

Focus of the Struggle for Freedom

Ngugi is concerned with "the struggle for freedom" in his writings. This struggle is at times against the colonial power or at times against bureaucracy in general. Getting freedom from alien rule was, however, not an easy task for the people of Africa. Thousands of people sacrificed their lives for the sake of their country.

Use of Violence to Gain Freedom

The Kenyan freedom struggle was different from that of the other countries that were under colonial rule. The Kenyans had to use violence to oust the British from their land. After the Second World War that Mau Mau Movement led by Dedan Kimathi and others unleashed a reign of terror on the British and employed guerilla tactics to counter the alien power and liberate the land. The main objective of Mau Mau was to drive out the Europeans and give back the peasants of their country their stolen land and property.

Ngugi was a staunch advocate of Mau Mau and kept the movement alive in his works. Ngugi however believes that as writers, as historians, as Kenyan intellectuals they must be able to tell stories or histories_ history of heroic resistance to foreign domination by the Kenyan people. Kenyan Literature until then had hardly depicted the people who changed their history.

Literature and Class Power Structures - Recording History for Future Generations

According to Ngugi, 'literature cannot escape from the class power structures that shape our everyday life. Here a writer has no choice. Whether or not he is aware of it, his works reflect one or more aspects of the intense economic, political, cultural and ideological struggles in a society…Every writer is a writer in politics' (Preface, Writers in Politics ii).

It was felt that the deeds and history of those heroes who fought against the exploitation and domination of foreign forces should be recorded for children of future generations to read.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

The Influence of First Language Grammar (L1) on the English Language (L2) Writing of Tamil School Students: A Case Study from Malaysia | Economic Hardship and Emotional Humiliation in Mulk Raj Anand's Untouchable | Effects of Using Urdu Dictionary as a Teaching Tool for Teaching Urdu in Urdu Language Classroom in Pakistan | Acoustic Correlates of Stress in Mizo, a Tonal Language | Racism and the American Dream in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men | Stimulating Language Strategies through Thinking - Help for Slow Learners | Masses as the True Makers of History - Analysis of the Play The Trial of Dedan Mimathi | Personal and Labour Market Environment Factors in English for Employability: A Case Study of KSA | A Study of the Reported Language Skill Development Strategies of the Student Teachers in Pakistan | Strategies for Communication Skills Development | Schema in Learning | Achieving Professional Goals: Use of a Mixed Discourse in Interviews | The Reality in Langston Hughes' Poems | Techniques to Teach Vocabulary to Regional Medium Students | Life History of Buddha as Reflected in Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha | Technique as Voyage of Discovery: A Study of the Techniques in Dante's Paradiso | Some Gaps in the Current Studies of Reading in Second/Foreign Language Learning | Unmasking Student Competence: Using Computers to Teach Writing | Feminist Literary Criticism | Amy Tan and Chinese American Literature | An Acoustic Analysis of Glottal Fricative [h] at Word Medial and Final Positions:
A Comparison between Regular and Non-regular Urdu Speakers of Pakistan
| Teaching Writing Skills | Self-esteem of Institutionalised Elderly Women in Coimbatore - A Case History | An Assessment on Women's Work Participation and Economic Equality | Economics of Crime : A Comparative Analysis of the Socio-Economic Conditions of Convicted Female and Male Criminality in Selected Prisons in Tamil Nadu | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF APRIL 2010 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT | HOME PAGE of April 2010 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

N. Bhuvana, M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D. Candidate
Department of English
Providence College for Women
Coonoor 643 104
Tamilnadu, India

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