Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 10 : 4 April 2010
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.



  • We seek your support to meet the expenses relating to the formatting of articles and books, maintaining and running the journal through hosting, correrspondences, etc.Please write to the Editor in his e-mail address to find out how you can support this journal.
  • Also please use the AMAZON link to buy your books. Even the smallest contribution will go a long way in supporting this journal. Thank you. Thirumalai, Editor.

In Association with




  • E-mail your articles and book-length reports in Microsoft Word to
  • Contributors from South Asia may send their articles to
    B. Mallikarjun,
    Central Institute of Indian Languages,
    Mysore 570006, India
    or e-mail to
  • Your articles and booklength reports should be written following the APA, MLA, LSA, or IJDL Stylesheet.
  • The Editorial Board has the right to accept, reject, or suggest modifications to the articles submitted for publication, and to make suitable stylistic adjustments. High quality, academic integrity, ethics and morals are expected from the authors and discussants.

Copyright © 2009
M. S. Thirumalai


Self-esteem of Institutionalised Elderly Women in Coimbatore - A Case History

Kavitha. V. R. S., M.A., M.Phil.


Good health comprises of both physical and psychological health. Psychological health issues include depression, anxiety, sexuality and body image, as well as alcoholism and abuse.

Pivotal to all of these issues is self esteem which is defined as how one estimates about oneself. Lacuna in good self esteem either male or female, one is easily susceptible to cycle of negative and destructive behaviours and would never achieve good health or sense of well-being.

It is well established that women begin to exhibit lower self esteem than men, right from the adolescence. The prime role of women is to provide care for their children and family members. Unfortunately, it is withdrawn when they become elderly and become more dependent, considered to be unimportant and are forced to resort to old age homes. The loss of independence, reversal of roles and the transition in standard of living influence the level of self-esteem to a greater extent.

A descriptive study design was framed and thirty women were interviewed and the case histories were also collected to throw light on the same. The results of the study denote that major proportion of the elderly women's level of self esteem is high by resorting in old age homes due to the ill treatment and seclusion in the home, denial of nutritious food and the treatment for sickness and also given less significance for their ideas, suggestions, etc.

What is Self-esteem?

The word esteem comes from a Latin word that means to estimate. Self esteem is how one estimates about one self. Self esteem is not a trait one is born with, rather, it is learned, first through family relationships parents especially, but also brothers and sisters, and others extended family, including aunts and uncles and even baby sitters.

These initial family experiences tend to be the foundation of each individual's sense of self worth, and the beginnings of self esteem. Self esteem is dynamic that tends to change over time, influenced by encounters with people outside the family, in addition to the continuing influence of family members either in a positive or negative way. The negative or repetitive negative experiences in multiple arenas would erode self esteem.

It is established that women begin to exhibit lower self esteem than men right from the adolescence due to the general existence of patriarchal society like in India, which would affect women's self esteem.

Varieties of Self-esteem

High self esteem in a woman focuses on positive and self assured and when fails at something, would try it again, determine to succeed or try another path. A woman with high self esteem is not self critical, but can effectively and appropriately deal with anger; lacks need to manipulate others to reach the desire. Moreover, those women are realistic about oneself and comfort, capable enough to engage in numerous types of quality relationships.

By contrast a woman with low self esteem is unable to focus on her positive attributes, but rather is stuck dwelling as all the ways. She loses ability to deal effectively, depends on others emotionally and after makes poor choices in friendships and partnerships, women with low self esteem are mere likely to become trapped in dysfunctional relationships.

Longevity - Problems of Old Women

In most parts of the world, women live, on average, longer than men. The rise in the number of those who are non-productive and who do not generate any hope immediately raises an economic and social problem. Apart from food and shelter, the old need care and medicines. They also crave love and tender care. They would like to interact, be heard, be visible, and would like a bit of space of their own and have a constructive and creative role to play in society.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

The Influence of First Language Grammar (L1) on the English Language (L2) Writing of Tamil School Students: A Case Study from Malaysia | Economic Hardship and Emotional Humiliation in Mulk Raj Anand's Untouchable | Effects of Using Urdu Dictionary as a Teaching Tool for Teaching Urdu in Urdu Language Classroom in Pakistan | Acoustic Correlates of Stress in Mizo, a Tonal Language | Racism and the American Dream in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men | Stimulating Language Strategies through Thinking - Help for Slow Learners | Masses as the True Makers of History - Analysis of the Play The Trial of Dedan Mimathi | Personal and Labour Market Environment Factors in English for Employability: A Case Study of KSA | A Study of the Reported Language Skill Development Strategies of the Student Teachers in Pakistan | Strategies for Communication Skills Development | Schema in Learning | Achieving Professional Goals: Use of a Mixed Discourse in Interviews | The Reality in Langston Hughes' Poems | Techniques to Teach Vocabulary to Regional Medium Students | Life History of Buddha as Reflected in Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha | Technique as Voyage of Discovery: A Study of the Techniques in Dante's Paradiso | Some Gaps in the Current Studies of Reading in Second/Foreign Language Learning | Unmasking Student Competence: Using Computers to Teach Writing | Feminist Literary Criticism | Amy Tan and Chinese American Literature | An Acoustic Analysis of Glottal Fricative [h] at Word Medial and Final Positions:
A Comparison between Regular and Non-regular Urdu Speakers of Pakistan
| Teaching Writing Skills | Self-esteem of Institutionalised Elderly Women in Coimbatore - A Case History | An Assessment on Women's Work Participation and Economic Equality | Economics of Crime : A Comparative Analysis of the Socio-Economic Conditions of Convicted Female and Male Criminality in Selected Prisons in Tamil Nadu | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF APRIL 2010 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT | HOME PAGE of April 2010 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

Kavitha.V.R.S., M.A., M.Phil.
Women's Studies Centre
Dr. G. R. Damodaran College of Science
Civil Aerodrome Post
Avanashi Road
Tamilnadu, India

  • Send your articles
    as an attachment
    to your e-mail to
  • Please ensure that your name, academic degrees, institutional affiliation and institutional address, and your e-mail address are all given in the first page of your article. Also include a declaration that your article or work submitted for publication in LANGUAGE IN INDIA is an original work by you and that you have duly acknolwedged the work or works of others you either cited or used in writing your articles, etc. Remember that by maintaining academic integrity we not only do the right thing but also help the growth, development and recognition of Indian scholarship.