Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 10 : 4 April 2010
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.



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Schema in Learning

G. Manjulatha Devi, Ph.D. Candidate


An individual is a bundle of experiences and each experience is a consequence of his meticulous observation and careful imitation of surroundings. His past experiences, which are stored in his memory, which are also known as his knowledge, are useful to him to respond appropriately to a situation. There is no tomorrow without today. The logic is that future collects and preserves what present leaves. Every new experience manifests some resemblance with the old. So the amount of knowledge that an individual has stored is measured against the quality of his experiences considering which his abilities or readiness to learn new things are estimated.

On describing Schema

Human beings are able to comprehend and predict the situations of the world because the acquisition of the knowledge, gained out of past experiences, activates their brain to respond and surmise appropriately to subsequent occasions. This storage is known as schema. According to Rhumalhurt schema is:

A schema is a data structure for representing the generic concepts stored in memory. There are schemata representing our knowledge about all concepts; those underlying objects, situations, events, actions, schema contains, as part of its specifications. (Rumerlhart and Brandford,1980:80)

Varying Nature of the Schemata

The nature of these schemata is different from individual to individual and situation to situation. According to Cook (1997:86) the concept of schema is " a mental representation of a typical instance which helps people to make sense of the world more quickly because people assimilate new experiences by activating relevant schema in their mind." The world offers an individual multitude of experiences of assorted varieties, which he carefully organizes categorically in his mind map, and consequently, his mental picture contains sceneries of varied importance and beauty.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

The Influence of First Language Grammar (L1) on the English Language (L2) Writing of Tamil School Students: A Case Study from Malaysia | Economic Hardship and Emotional Humiliation in Mulk Raj Anand's Untouchable | Effects of Using Urdu Dictionary as a Teaching Tool for Teaching Urdu in Urdu Language Classroom in Pakistan | Acoustic Correlates of Stress in Mizo, a Tonal Language | Racism and the American Dream in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men | Stimulating Language Strategies through Thinking - Help for Slow Learners | Masses as the True Makers of History - Analysis of the Play The Trial of Dedan Mimathi | Personal and Labour Market Environment Factors in English for Employability: A Case Study of KSA | A Study of the Reported Language Skill Development Strategies of the Student Teachers in Pakistan | Strategies for Communication Skills Development | Schema in Learning | Achieving Professional Goals: Use of a Mixed Discourse in Interviews | The Reality in Langston Hughes' Poems | Techniques to Teach Vocabulary to Regional Medium Students | Life History of Buddha as Reflected in Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha | Technique as Voyage of Discovery: A Study of the Techniques in Dante's Paradiso | Some Gaps in the Current Studies of Reading in Second/Foreign Language Learning | Unmasking Student Competence: Using Computers to Teach Writing | Feminist Literary Criticism | Amy Tan and Chinese American Literature | An Acoustic Analysis of Glottal Fricative [h] at Word Medial and Final Positions:
A Comparison between Regular and Non-regular Urdu Speakers of Pakistan
| Teaching Writing Skills | Self-esteem of Institutionalised Elderly Women in Coimbatore - A Case History | An Assessment on Women's Work Participation and Economic Equality | Economics of Crime : A Comparative Analysis of the Socio-Economic Conditions of Convicted Female and Male Criminality in Selected Prisons in Tamil Nadu | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF APRIL 2010 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT | HOME PAGE of April 2010 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

G. Manjulatha Devi, Ph.D. Candidate
Kakatiya University
Andhra Pradesh, India

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