Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 10 : 4 April 2010
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.



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Some Gaps in the Current Studies of Reading in Second/Foreign Language Learning

Seyed Hossein Fazeli, M.A.


The ability to read written material is very important in the civilized world. In a society characterized by globalization and technological change, where knowledge is becoming increasingly important, reading ability is a key skill for active participation. The intent of the current study is to set out the nature of reading alongside express importance of reading and reading comprehension. The importance of the present study is to explore the current studies of reading in order to find out some common main gaps in such studies. Such gaps are related to reading, reading comprehension and reading strategies, vocabulary and fluency.

Keywords: reading, reading comprehension, reading strategies


To most people reading seems a simple process, but there are many sub-component processes which are involved in reading that leads it to be as a very complex skill. As Rayner and Juhasz (2006) assume all of such components involved in reading are important to investigate in order to understand how the process work and how the skill develops.

Both teachers and researchers have attempted to identify the mental process of reading and the activities that readers use in order to construct meaning from a text. What is "reading"? , who is a "reader"? And what is the action of "read"?

On Reading

It seems only logical that a text about teaching and learning of reading would begin with definitions of what reading is, who reader is, and what the action "read" is. "Reading", a complex activity, can be defined in a number of ways based upon the particular aspect of the reading skill examined. "Reading" is defined as "the action or skill of reading" (Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 2008, p.1196). It is defined also as "the skill or activity of getting information from books" (Cambridge International Dictionary of English, 1995, pp. 1178-1179). It can also be defined as "the ability to comprehend the thought and feelings of others through the medium of written text" (The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 1994). Gibson and Levin (1975) assume that reading is extracting information from text. Urquhart and Weir (1998) define "reading" as the process of receiving and interpreting information encoded in form via the medium of print. Goodman (1988) discusses it as receptive language process which is a psycholinguistic process in that it starts with a linguistic surface representation encoded by a writer and ends with meaning a reader constructs. Jenkinson proposes "reading" as an act of responding to printed symbols (as cited in Chapman and Czerniewska, 1978). Grellet (1981) suggests that understanding a written text means extracting the required information from it as efficiently. Another definition of "reading" is the construction of meaning from print (Torgensen, Wagner &Rashotte, 1999).

Who is a Reader?

"Reader" is defined as "a person who reads" (Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 2008, p.1196), as "someone who reads for pleasures, esp. a person who reads a lot" (Cambridge International Dictionary of English, 1995, pp. 178-1179), or similarly "a person able to read" (The New Lexicon Webster's Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language, 1995, p. 837).

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

The Influence of First Language Grammar (L1) on the English Language (L2) Writing of Tamil School Students: A Case Study from Malaysia | Economic Hardship and Emotional Humiliation in Mulk Raj Anand's Untouchable | Effects of Using Urdu Dictionary as a Teaching Tool for Teaching Urdu in Urdu Language Classroom in Pakistan | Acoustic Correlates of Stress in Mizo, a Tonal Language | Racism and the American Dream in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men | Stimulating Language Strategies through Thinking - Help for Slow Learners | Masses as the True Makers of History - Analysis of the Play The Trial of Dedan Mimathi | Personal and Labour Market Environment Factors in English for Employability: A Case Study of KSA | A Study of the Reported Language Skill Development Strategies of the Student Teachers in Pakistan | Strategies for Communication Skills Development | Schema in Learning | Achieving Professional Goals: Use of a Mixed Discourse in Interviews | The Reality in Langston Hughes' Poems | Techniques to Teach Vocabulary to Regional Medium Students | Life History of Buddha as Reflected in Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha | Technique as Voyage of Discovery: A Study of the Techniques in Dante's Paradiso | Some Gaps in the Current Studies of Reading in Second/Foreign Language Learning | Unmasking Student Competence: Using Computers to Teach Writing | Feminist Literary Criticism | Amy Tan and Chinese American Literature | An Acoustic Analysis of Glottal Fricative [h] at Word Medial and Final Positions:
A Comparison between Regular and Non-regular Urdu Speakers of Pakistan
| Teaching Writing Skills | Self-esteem of Institutionalised Elderly Women in Coimbatore - A Case History | An Assessment on Women's Work Participation and Economic Equality | Economics of Crime : A Comparative Analysis of the Socio-Economic Conditions of Convicted Female and Male Criminality in Selected Prisons in Tamil Nadu | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF APRIL 2010 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT | HOME PAGE of April 2010 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

Seyed Hossein Fazeli, M.A.
Department of Studies in English Language Teaching
Azad Islamic University, Abadan Branch
Abadan City
Khuzestan Province, Iran

Research Scholar in Linguistics
Department of Studies in Linguistics, KIKS
University of Mysore
Mysore-570006, Karnataka
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