Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 11 : 2 February 2011
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.
         L. Ramamoorthy, Ph.D.



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Copyright © 2010
M. S. Thirumalai


A Study to Identify Problems Faced by
the Heads of Secondary Schools in Kohat in
North-Western Frontier Province, Pakistan

Muhammad Naseer Ud Din, Ph.D.
Faridullah Khan, Ph.D. Scholar
Sajjad Hayat Akhtar, Ph.D.


This study was designed to make a survey of the difficulties faced by the heads of Secondary Schools in Kohat district in North-Western Frontier Province in Pakistan, with an objective to explore the factors leading to various difficulties.

The population of the study included all the Secondary Schools in Kohat district. The sample of the study was 32 secondary schools, 16 Rural and 16 Urban. Out of the 16 rural schools, 8 schools were Boys' and 8 Girls' schools. A questionnaire was developed for the heads of Secondary Schools for the collection of data. The questionnaires were personally given to the heads of Secondary Schools. The percentages of respondents were good for the purpose of the study.

The major conclusions of the study were as follows: The higher authorities did not co-operate with the heads in solving various problems of the schools. There was shortage of teaching staff and menial staff. Majority of the heads of secondary schools did not offer proper guidance and counseling services.

The major recommendations of the study are as follows: Immediate attention should be given to solve the serious problems faced by the heads of secondary schools. The funds are not sufficient to provide adequate facilities for the students. Hence it is recommended that funds should be raised from the public.

Keywords: Heads, Teachers, Secondary Education, Secondary Schools, Social Economic

Introduction: Importance of Secondary Education

Secondary education is an important sub-sector of the entire education system. On the one hand, it provides middle level work for the economy and, on the other hand, it acts as a feeder for the higher levels of education. The quality of higher education, which is expected to produce high quality professionals in different fields of social, economic, and political life of the country, hinges on the quality of secondary education. This level of education, therefore, needs to be organized in such a way that it prepares young men and women for the pursuit of higher education as well as prepares them to adjust to their practical lives meaningfully and productively (Govt. of Pakistan, 1959).

Headmasters of Secondary Schools must be given effective control over the affairs of their schools and should have the responsibility similar to the authority of headmaster elsewhere in the world. They must be the type of persons who can handle their staff and public, individuals whose ideas carry weight and whose character is an example for their students (Govt. of Pakistan, 1959).

The leader of a school can be successful only when the leader secures the willing cooperation from his or her co-workers and make them realize that they also have the responsibility to solve the problems the schools face (Morphet, 1960).

The relations of the headmaster and teachers must be characterized by reciprocity and not by rivalry. Both must share whether the enterprise fails or succeed because one cannot without others cooperation (Reavis, 1942).

Education System in Pakistan

The education system in Pakistan consists of a number of stages: primary, middle, secondary, higher secondary/intermediate, and college and university levels. These categories overlap and so does the administration of institutions overlap in each category. For example, there are schools/colleges offering education from nursery to degree level (class XIV), even to masters' level. Principals of such colleges are responsible for the overall administration of the colleges. But the staff of that college/school may be under the directorate of schools or colleges for the purpose of transfers, promotions and posting, etc.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Call for Papers for a Language in India Special Volume on
Autobiography and Biography in Indian Writing in English
| Call for Papers for a Special Volume on Indian Writing in English - Analysis of Select Novels of 2009-2010 | Hoping Against Hope: A Discourse on Perumal Murugan's Koolla Madari (Seasons of the Palm) | Ghanaian English: Spelling Pronunciation in Focus | The Relationship between Gaining Mastery on 'Content' (School Subject Matters) and 'Linguistic Competence Level in Second Language' through Immersion Program | Reader-centric and Text-centric Approaches to Novel - A Study of Intertextuality in Salman Rushdie's The Enchantress of Florence | Which One Speaks Better? The Field-Dependent or the Field-Independent? On the Effects of Field-Dependent/Field-Independent Cognitive Styles and Gender on Iranian EFL Learners' Speaking Performance | A Critical Look into Basic Assumptions of Teaching English as an International Language (EIL) | Digital Storytelling - A Case Study on the Teaching of Speaking to Indonesian EFL Students | The Reasons behind Writing Problems for Jordanian Secondary Students 2010-2011 | A Multidimensional Approach to Cross-Cultural Communication | A Study to Identify Problems Faced by the Heads of Secondary Schools in Kohat in North-Western Frontier Province, Pakistan | Go Beyond Education to Professionalism - Transition from Campus to Corporate | Impact of Students' Attitudes on their Achievement in English - A Study in the Yemeni Context - A Master's Degree Dissertation in TESL | Natural and Supernatural Elements in Arun Joshi's The City and the River | Pedagogical Values Obtained from a Language Class in an EFL Context - A Case Study from Indonesia | A New Tone in ELT - Positive Uses of Translation in Remedial Teaching and Learning | Training Dilemma: Analysis of Positive/Negative Feedback from the Workplace Setting in Pakistan | Learning Styles and Teaching Strategies: Creating a Balance | A Study on Evaluating the Discourse Skills of Engineering Students in Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India | Syntax and Semantics Interface of Verbs | History Revisited in Oral History by Nadine Gordimer | Provision for Linguistic Diversity and Linguistic Minorities in India - A Masters Dissertation in Applied Linguistics and ELT | A Speech Act Analysis of Jane Eyre | Matriarchal and Mythical Healing in Gloria Naylor's Mama Day | Impact of Project Based Method on Performance of Students | Computer: A Device for Learning English Language - A Summary of Advantages and Disadvantages | Mobile Phone Culture and its Psychological Impacts on Students' Learning at the University Level | Review of English and Soft Skills by S. P. Dhanavel (Orient BlackSwan, Hyderabad, 2010) | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF FEBRUARY, 2011 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT. This document is better viewed if you open it online and then save it in your computer. After saving it in your computer, you can easily read all the pages from the saved document. | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

Muhammad Naseer Ud Din, Ph.D.
Institute of Education and Research
Kohat University and Science Technology - (KUST)
Khyber Pakthunkawa

Faridullah Khan, Ph.D. Scholar
Institute of Education and Research
Kohat University and Science Technology - (KUST)
Khyber Pakthunkawa

Sajjad Hayat Akhtar, Ph.D.
Provincial Education Department
Khyber Pakthunkawa

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