Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 10 : 11 November 2010
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.



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M. S. Thirumalai


Nature of Sentence Intonation in Kannada, Tulu and Konkani

Mili Mary Mathew, MSc. (Speech-Language Pathology)
Jayashree S. Bhat, Ph.D. (Speech and Hearing)


Intonation is one parameter of prosody that gives information on the production aspects of linguistic prosody. The aim of this study was to understand the terminal intonation patterns of different types of sentences in three languages Kannada, Tulu and Konkani.

Four simple sentences, one for each sentence type namely, declaratives, exclamatory, interrogatives, and imperatives were taken and recorded in Motor Speech Profile software, by native speakers of the three languages. F0 patterns were plotted using the PHH model of intonation. The results showed that declaratives and imperatives had falling contours in all languages. Exclamatory sentences had raising contours in Kannada and Konkani, but falling contour in Tulu. Interrogatives had raising patterns across all languages, except for males in Kannada.

The production of sentences in Kannada, Konkani and Tulu indicated that there are differences in the terminal F0 pattern across the different sentence types.

Key words: Linguistic prosody, intonation, Indian languages, instrumental analysis


Speech is the effective way in which we communicate. It has got mainly the segmental and suprasegmental features. Segmental features are the basic inventory of distinctive sounds and the way that they combine to form a spoken language where as suprasegmentals are those features that influences the way the sounds are processed for meaning. Suprasegmental features are also called as prosodic features. Segmental features alone do not serve the purpose of communication. Communication becomes meaningful only when the supra segmental features are imposed and is useful in speech production as well as perception.

Prosody serves a variety of functions in language processing. Functionally prosody may convey both linguistic and affective contents based on which prosody can be classified as linguistic prosody and emotional prosody Vivian & Hielscher, 2004. Emotional prosody is defined as the ability to express emotions where as Linguistic prosody is used to disambiguate or to mark the internal organization of sentence constituents or to convey the intonation contour of a sentence (Lieberman, 1968).

Research has indicated that right hemisphere dominates for decoding affective prosody whereas the left is dominant for the linguistic prosody. There are also evidences from the brain damaged individuals that substantiate these views. Right hemisphere damaged individuals have been reported to perform poorly in the perception and production of emotive intonation compared to left hemisphere damaged or non-brain damaged (Ross, 1981). Damage to both the cortical and subcortical structures can give rise to impaired speech prosody (Kent & Rosenbeck, 1982).

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Implementing Explicit Grammatical Instruction in Thailand Schools | Nature of Sentence Intonation in Kannada, Tulu and Konkani | Language and Gender - Linguistic Analysis of Intermediate English Textbooks in Pakistan | Development of Punjabi-Hindi Aligned Parallel Corpus from Web Using Machine Translation | Paralinguistic and Non-Verbal Props in Second-Language Use: A Study of Icheoku and Masquerade in Nigeria | Economic Perspectives and Life-style Characteristics of the Aged Population in Tamil Nadu, India | Redefining Secularism - An Analysis of John Updike's Terrorist and Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist as Post-9/11 Novels | Reduplication in Bengali Language | Development of Time-Compressed Speech Test for Children between 8 - 12 Years of Age in Telugu | Bridging the Gap - The Potential of Contrastive Rhetoric in Teaching L2 Writing | ELT in Yemen and India - The Need for Remedial Measures | Relationship between Multiple Intelligence Categories and Learning Styles of Students in Pakistan | Internet as an Educational Resource in Vocabulary Instruction | The Effectiveness of Technology in Teaching Study Skills | A Study of the Comparative Elements in the Poetry of Keats and Ghani Khan | Sentence Pattern Method - A New Approach for Teaching Spoken English for Tamil/Indian/EFL Learners | Enhancing Language Skills Using Learn to Speak English Software in Engineering Students of Andhra Pradesh | Problems in Teaching of English Language at the Primary Level in District Kohat, NWFP, Pakistan | An Appraisal of the Practicum - Finding the Gaps between Theory and Practice in Teacher Training Institutions in Pakistan | A Study of B.Ed. Students' Attitude Towards Using Internet in Vellore District, Tamilnadu, India, Masters Dissertation | Politics of Sambalpuri or Kosali as a Dialect of Oriya in Orissa | A Six-Step Approach to Teaching Poetry Incorporating the Four Skills | Lexis of a Suicidal | A Case Review of Tamil Diglossia | Comparison of Markedness of Lexical Semantic Abilities in Normal Children and Children with Hearing Impairment | Social Effects and Other Impediments in Teaching Literature | Aligning the Connotations of Love and Freedom in the Novels of Iris Murdoch | Spiritual Communication and Managerial Effectiveness | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF NOVEMBER, 2010 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT. | HOME PAGE of November 2010 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

Mili Mary Mathew, M.Sc. Speech-Language Pathology (Corresponding Author)
Department of Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology
Kasturba Medical College
Manipal University
Karnataka, India

Jayashree S. Bhat, Ph.D. Speech & Hearing
Department of Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology
Kasturba Medical College
Manipal University
Karnataka, India

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