Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 10 : 11 November 2010
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.



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Aligning the Connotations of Love and Freedom in
the Novels of Iris Murdoch

Tanu Kashyap, M.Phil., Ph.D.

Women Writers in English

Women have been writing in English since the 18th century. Some of the most famous novelists have been Jane Austen, George Eliot, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte and Virginia Woolf, to name a few.

Iris Murdoch

Iris Murdoch is a contemporary woman novelist who has given a new meaning to the existence of women novelists with a new connotation to the meaning of love and freedom in her novels. Iris Murdoch.s novels have deep impressions of French Existentialist Movement. She read Jean Paul Sartre.s La Nauseˇ± in 1945. She had a close encounter with war and devastations during her stint as UNRRA volunteer working for the refugees in Belgium and Austria. In the back drop of bloodshed and depravation love and freedom acquired a new dimension in Murdoch's literature.

To assert Iris Murdoch as a major contemporary writer is to suggest something of the post-war novel in Britain. With the publication of her first novel UNDER THE NET (1954), she emerged not only as one of the most productive and influential British novelists of her generation but also as a powerful intellectual and original theorist of fiction. The increasingly evident liveliness and variety of British fiction since the war has contrasted very curiously with a sense of restraint about aesthetic discussion of the novel. She has emphasized that she aimed to write as a realist, in an identifiable ˇ°nineteenth century tradition of English and European fiction. 1 When Murdoch says that she is a realist, she probably means that her writing is inevitably concerned with the contemporary conditions.

Iris Murdoch has indicated the difficulties and the potential of contemporary fiction, especially in the British tradition. Both her view and her practice reflect the novel today. To some critics, it seems as though her writing career enacts a retreat into the safety of an anti- modernist position. Such people find it hard to accept the claim that she advances in an age of aesthetic and epistemological uncertainty. She has very strong admiration for nineteenth century's great writers (Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, and Dickens) and what lay behind their achievements - Shakespeare, whom she has described more than once as a "patron saint".

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Implementing Explicit Grammatical Instruction in Thailand Schools | Nature of Sentence Intonation in Kannada, Tulu and Konkani | Language and Gender - Linguistic Analysis of Intermediate English Textbooks in Pakistan | Development of Punjabi-Hindi Aligned Parallel Corpus from Web Using Machine Translation | Paralinguistic and Non-Verbal Props in Second-Language Use: A Study of Icheoku and Masquerade in Nigeria | Economic Perspectives and Life-style Characteristics of the Aged Population in Tamil Nadu, India | Redefining Secularism - An Analysis of John Updike's Terrorist and Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist as Post-9/11 Novels | Reduplication in Bengali Language | Development of Time-Compressed Speech Test for Children between 8 - 12 Years of Age in Telugu | Bridging the Gap - The Potential of Contrastive Rhetoric in Teaching L2 Writing | ELT in Yemen and India - The Need for Remedial Measures | Relationship between Multiple Intelligence Categories and Learning Styles of Students in Pakistan | Internet as an Educational Resource in Vocabulary Instruction | The Effectiveness of Technology in Teaching Study Skills | A Study of the Comparative Elements in the Poetry of Keats and Ghani Khan | Sentence Pattern Method - A New Approach for Teaching Spoken English for Tamil/Indian/EFL Learners | Enhancing Language Skills Using Learn to Speak English Software in Engineering Students of Andhra Pradesh | Problems in Teaching of English Language at the Primary Level in District Kohat, NWFP, Pakistan | An Appraisal of the Practicum - Finding the Gaps between Theory and Practice in Teacher Training Institutions in Pakistan | A Study of B.Ed. Students' Attitude Towards Using Internet in Vellore District, Tamilnadu, India, Masters Dissertation | Politics of Sambalpuri or Kosali as a Dialect of Oriya in Orissa | A Six-Step Approach to Teaching Poetry Incorporating the Four Skills | Lexis of a Suicidal | A Case Review of Tamil Diglossia | Comparison of Markedness of Lexical Semantic Abilities in Normal Children and Children with Hearing Impairment | Social Effects and Other Impediments in Teaching Literature | Aligning the Connotations of Love and Freedom in the Novels of Iris Murdoch | Spiritual Communication and Managerial Effectiveness | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF NOVEMBER, 2010 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT. | HOME PAGE of November 2010 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

Tanu Kashyap, M.Phil., Ph.D.
Kaizen Institute
Uttar Pradesh

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