Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow

Volume 10 : 11 November 2010
ISSN 1930-2940

Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D.
Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D.
         Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D.
         B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.
         A. R. Fatihi, Ph.D.
         Lakhan Gusain, Ph.D.
         K. Karunakaran, Ph.D.
         Jennifer Marie Bayer, Ph.D.
         S. M. Ravichandran, Ph.D.
         G. Baskaran, Ph.D.



  • We seek your support to meet the expenses relating to the formatting of articles and books, maintaining and running the journal through hosting, correrspondences, etc.Please write to the Editor in his e-mail address to find out how you can support this journal. Thank you. Thirumalai, Editor.




  • E-mail your articles and book-length reports in Microsoft Word to
  • Contributors from South Asia may e-mail their articles to
    B. Mallikarjun,
    Central Institute of Indian Languages,
    Mysore 570006, India
  • Your articles and booklength reports should be written following the APA, MLA, LSA, or IJDL Stylesheet.
  • The Editorial Board has the right to accept, reject, or suggest modifications to the articles submitted for publication, and to make suitable stylistic adjustments. High quality, academic integrity, ethics and morals are expected from the authors and discussants.

Copyright © 2010
M. S. Thirumalai


Problems in Teaching of English Language at
the Primary Level in District Kohat, NWFP, Pakistan

Muhammad Naseer Ud Din, Ph.D.


In this paper, the author discusses problems in teaching of English language at the Primary Level in District Kohat, in the North-Western Frontier Provice (NWFP) in Pakistan. The study was undertaken to identify the problems of teachers as well as students, regarding the subject.

The main objectives of the study were

(i) to investigate the academic and professional qualification of English teachers,
(ii) to evaluate the problems related to teaching of English as compulsory subject in primary schools and
(iii) to make recommendations in the light of findings of the study.
The participants of the study were from eight schools, six male and two female schools were randomly selected within the District Kohat. This is considered only as a sample study. The researcher himself identified various areas of problems in teaching English language. On the basis of these areas, two questionnaires were developed, one for the head teachers of the schools and the other for the English language teachers of the schools.

Data collected through the questionnaires was tabulated, analyzed and interpreted by using percentage and chi square formula. In the light of the objectives, the main conclusions were: Majority of the teachers were matriculate and had the professional degree of PST, so they were under-qualified for teaching English at the primary level, Audio-Visual aids were not available in the schools and there was no environment of speaking English at schools. On the basis of the conclusions arrived at, recommendations were given. English language teachers should have professional qualifications up to B.Ed. The English language teachers should be provided special training to practice spoken English and should be enabled to use teaching methods specially designed for teaching English at the primary level. Adequate teaching aids may be provided in schools.

Key words:

English, Language, Academic Qualification, Heads, Teachers and Students.

English in Pakistan

English has always been rated high in Pakistan. In the past, it was treated as a compulsory subject from class six onwards in government school system. While it was offered as a compulsory subject in English medium schools and was used as a medium of instruction, the private schools offered English as a subject from nursery classes. It means that the students of government schools started studying English at the age of eleven years whereas the students of English medium schools started studying English at the age of four years. This created a serious problem for those students who did not study English from class one with the result that students of government primary school are rated low in admission for higher education and in getting jobs (Ahmad, 1987).

Problems of an English Teacher in Pakistan

An English teacher in Pakistan faces many problems. In the present situation, he is not in a position to do full justice to the difficult task of teaching English. The result is that most of the students face difficulties in this subject. Some of the teachers' problems include difficulty in overcoming the heavy influence of mother tongue, cognitive issues, linguistic issues, lack of resource and crowded classes (Mueen, 1992).

Statement of the Problem

Keeping in view the deprivation faced by students in government schools, government of Pakistan made a decision that English should be taught as a compulsory subject at the primary school level.

The present study aims to explore the problems in teaching of English language at the primary level in the District of Kohat, in the North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan.

This is only the beginning part of the article. PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ THE ARTICLE IN PRINTER-FRIENDLY VERSION.

Implementing Explicit Grammatical Instruction in Thailand Schools | Nature of Sentence Intonation in Kannada, Tulu and Konkani | Language and Gender - Linguistic Analysis of Intermediate English Textbooks in Pakistan | Development of Punjabi-Hindi Aligned Parallel Corpus from Web Using Machine Translation | Paralinguistic and Non-Verbal Props in Second-Language Use: A Study of Icheoku and Masquerade in Nigeria | Economic Perspectives and Life-style Characteristics of the Aged Population in Tamil Nadu, India | Redefining Secularism - An Analysis of John Updike's Terrorist and Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist as Post-9/11 Novels | Reduplication in Bengali Language | Development of Time-Compressed Speech Test for Children between 8 - 12 Years of Age in Telugu | Bridging the Gap - The Potential of Contrastive Rhetoric in Teaching L2 Writing | ELT in Yemen and India - The Need for Remedial Measures | Relationship between Multiple Intelligence Categories and Learning Styles of Students in Pakistan | Internet as an Educational Resource in Vocabulary Instruction | The Effectiveness of Technology in Teaching Study Skills | A Study of the Comparative Elements in the Poetry of Keats and Ghani Khan | Sentence Pattern Method - A New Approach for Teaching Spoken English for Tamil/Indian/EFL Learners | Enhancing Language Skills Using Learn to Speak English Software in Engineering Students of Andhra Pradesh | Problems in Teaching of English Language at the Primary Level in District Kohat, NWFP, Pakistan | An Appraisal of the Practicum - Finding the Gaps between Theory and Practice in Teacher Training Institutions in Pakistan | A Study of B.Ed. Students' Attitude Towards Using Internet in Vellore District, Tamilnadu, India, Masters Dissertation | Politics of Sambalpuri or Kosali as a Dialect of Oriya in Orissa | A Six-Step Approach to Teaching Poetry Incorporating the Four Skills | Lexis of a Suicidal | A Case Review of Tamil Diglossia | Comparison of Markedness of Lexical Semantic Abilities in Normal Children and Children with Hearing Impairment | Social Effects and Other Impediments in Teaching Literature | Aligning the Connotations of Love and Freedom in the Novels of Iris Murdoch | Spiritual Communication and Managerial Effectiveness | A PRINT VERSION OF ALL THE PAPERS OF NOVEMBER, 2010 ISSUE IN BOOK FORMAT. | HOME PAGE of November 2010 Issue | HOME PAGE | CONTACT EDITOR

Muhammad Naseer Ud Din, Ph.D.
Institute of Education and Research
Kohat University and Science Technology - (KUST)

  • Send your articles
    as an attachment
    to your e-mail to
  • Please ensure that your name, academic degrees, institutional affiliation and institutional address, and your e-mail address are all given in the first page of your article. Also include a declaration that your article or work submitted for publication in LANGUAGE IN INDIA is an original work by you and that you have duly acknolwedged the work or works of others you either cited or used in writing your articles, etc. Remember that by maintaining academic integrity we not only do the right thing but also help the growth, development and recognition of Indian scholarship.